Our Motorsport Heritage
GKN has a rich history of involvement in motorsport stretching back nearly 75 years. The story begins in the 30’s with conventional driveline applications, through racing in ever-more demanding environments such as Rally and off-road endurance racing, to the birth of the electric motorsport era. From constant velocity joints and driveshafts to eMotors and electric flywheels, GKN has been continuously adapting and innovating for over half a century. Our current involvement in the top flight of electric motorsport in Formula E cements our position for the future.
A partnership is born
In 1950, Ian Appleyard won the prestigious Alpine Rally in the Jaguar XK120 sports car with his wife as his navigator.
The car featured drivetrain components made by GKN Transmissions Ltd, the latest in a long line of sporting Jaguars to feature GKN technology. At the time the XK120, so named because of its top speed of 120mph, was one of the fastest production cars in the world. The following year, in 1951, Ian Appleyard took the car (and his wife!) back to the alpine rally and won it for a second consecutive year, and in the process he became a sporting icon of his generation.
Hot on the heels of Ford’s famous 1-2-3 finish the previous year, the newly improved Ford GT40 Mk.
IV won the 24 hours of Le Mans race in 1967. The 7.0 litre V8 helped propel the GT40 Mk. IV to a top speed of 220mph. The GT40 dominated the competition, leading for all but the first 90 minutes of the race. The Mk. IV used GKN driveshafts for their high performance and durability in this demanding endurance race. Half a century later, the new 2017 Ford GT super car once again uses GKN driveshafts: a testament to our technology and rich motorsport heritage.
Capturing a world record
In 1972, GKN built a development car as a test bed for high-performance automotive components.
This car, the Ferguson Formula Four-wheel-drive Saloon 100 (FFF100), featured GKN anti-lock braking and four wheel drive systems, and was powered by a 7-litre Chrysler Hemi V8. The car was a modified version of a Jensen FF, one of the first production cars ever to feature a four wheel drive system.
The 600 bhp GKN FFF100 broke the 0-100-0mph world record for a road legal car with a time of 12.2 seconds in the wet, which was subsequently broken again with 11.5 seconds in the dry. This was a full 8 seconds faster than the previous record!
Breaking the land speed record
Richard Noble broke the land speed record in 1983 with a jet-propelled car known as Thrust 2.
Prior to developing Thrust 2, Noble was an engineer working at GKN while developing its precursor Thrust 1. This relationship led to GKNs involvement in sponsoring the Thrust 2 project and the record attempt.
It took Noble 5 years of development and constant set-backs to finally achieve his dream of breaking the land speed record. On the 4th October 1983, Thrust 2 broke the record with a speed of 633mph over a measured mile at Black Rock Desert in Nevada.
1988-1990: A cut above
GKN supplied the 1988 and 1990 winning XJR9 and XJR12 silk cut Le Mans race cars with sideshafts and aluminum propshafts.
The XJR9 which won Le Mans in 1988 produced a mighty 750 brake horse power from a roaring Jaguar V12 to take the coveted podium. Two other XJR9s were amongst the first twenty cars across the finish line. Two years later, Jaguar took to the podium again with the famous 1-2 finish with the XJR12 in the 1990 24 hours of Le Mans race. This came forty years after the classic XK120’s success in the alpine rally, a testament to the continued partnership between GKN and Jaguar in motorsport.
Pushing the limits: World Rally Championship
GKN has provided driveline solutions to the world’s top rally teams since the early nineties, and continues to do so to this day.
Colin McRae, one of the greatest rally drivers of all time, won the drivers World Rally Championship in 1995 in the final intense race of the season by edging out his team mate on home soil at the British rally. His vehicle was the Subaru Impreza 555, which contained GKN sideshafts, propshafts and driveline joints. Following his victory, the Subaru World Rally Team went on to win the manufacturers championship for the following two years running.
Succeeding in extreme environments
The Dakar rally is one of the most extreme motorsport races in the world, consisting of thousands of miles of off-road endurance racing over sand, mud and rock.
Stephane Peterhansel won the event in a Mitsubishi Pajero with GKN sideshafts two years running, in 2004 and 2005. This sideshaft specification proved to have the durability to maintain performance at the extreme end of speed and articulation, for very prolonged periods.
New beginnings: early electric motorsport success
GKN marked its first major success in the world of electric motorsport at the Pikes Peak International Hill Climb in 2012.
Also known as the race to the clouds, the event is one of the oldest in the world. Toyota Motorsport’s P002 racer won the electric vehicle class of the event, powered by two GKN EVO axial flux eMotors delivering 1200Nm of torque.
The technology received even more recognition when team APEV won the electric vehicle class the following year at Pikes Peak, this time with the Monster sport eRunner vehicle.
eDrive technology powers Le Mans victory
Technology from GKN helped power Audi to victory in the 2014 24 hours of Le Mans race.
GKNs electric flywheel was at the heart of the winning Audi R18 e-tron Quattro, providing a highly efficient and durable kinetic energy recovery system. The winning application of GKN eDrive technology to the world’s most famous endurance race, now in addition to the hill climb sprints of the previous two years, showcased our expertise in successfully integrating electric systems for a wide range of requirements.
Sustained success in endurance racing
Twenty years after Colin McRae’s famous WRC win, GKN has continued to build on its rally foundations.
The top 13 teams entered in the Dakar Rally in 2015 used GKN driveshaft and propshaft solutions, along with 70% of all entrants. These applications used GKN’s cutting-edge fixed joint generation SX, Countertrack™ which allows smaller packaging and also improved efficiency for the user. SX joints deliver an efficiency improvement of up to 60% when compared to current Rzeppa fixed joints. After more than fifty years of producing CVJ technologies, GKN is still innovating ahead of the competition.
The future: GKN in Formula E
Half a century of success in motorsport has proven that GKN has the experience and the technical expertise to bring winning driveline solutions to the racetrack.
GKN is now once again taking to the track as an Official Partner of Panasonic Jaguar Racing in Formula E - the next generation of motorsport. As the global market leader in all-wheel and eDrive, GKN is well-positioned to apply our electrification expertise to the racetrack. Moving forward, this partnership will allow GKN to continue to develop innovative and successful motorsport solutions, which will help inform the road vehicles of the future.